Hypothyroidism is a condition that occurs when the thyroid gland produces too little of the thyroid hormone. Hyperthyroidism is caused by producing too much. Either way, too much or too little can be affected by the levels of iodine in our diet, and an imbalance can prevent the thyroid gland from functioning properly. An overdose of iodine is very uncommon in our natural diet but should this occur, it can have adverse effects and you should seek medical advice immediately.
Iodine Production and the Thyroid
A significant amount of iodine is found in the thyroid gland and it is responsible for producing and regulating the thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism can be rather tricky because it can be caused by a lack of iodine as well as, excessive iodine consumption. So the ideal situation would be to establish a balance. Hypothyroidism can lead to listlessness, increase in weight, flaky skin, irregular bowel syndrome, mental instability, a raspy voice, muscular aches and pains, unhealthy hair and nails and an increased awareness temperature change.
People Prone To Hypothyroidism
People who consume either too little to too much iodine are at an increased risk of developing hypothroidism. Females who are above the age of 50 are also at risk and those who suffer from conditions that may compromise their immunity are in the high-risk category. Interestingly if you suffer from hyperthyroidism and you are being treated for this condition, then the treatment can result in hypothyroidism. Expectant mothers are also at risk.
How To Prevent and Treat Hypothyroidism
If you suffer from this condition, then your physician will prescribe prescritoin medicine, which mimicks the function of the hormone that is secreted by the thyroid gland. However, please bear in mind that treatment is at your doctor’s discretion and he or she will determine how much medication to give you as well as the duration of your treatment. In the event that the underlying cause of your condition is the over consumption of iodine then you can remedy this by regulating your iodine intake through adaptation of your diet. You could consult with an a dietician, nutritionist or physician to get professional help. It may also be in your best interest to do some research of what to include into your diet and present the findings to your doctor and have him or her give you the go ahead before you opt to do something on your own.
Some things to Consider
Hyperthyroidism should never be taken lightly since it may adversely affect your ability to smell or taste things. It can cause your face to be puffy, alter your speech and affect the appearance of your skin. If for any reason you think you might be suffering from hypothyroidism then you should contact your doctor and make steps to treat it as soon as possible. It is interesting to note that this condition is treatable and you can experience a relatively normal life when treated correctly. So do not be daunted and do not be afraid to seek help out of fear because you can get help for your condition.